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Cytotechnology

An educational program in cytotechnology is located in the Clarian Pathology Building.

Description of the Profession Cytotechnology is a medical laboratory specialty in which microscopic studies of exfoliated, abraded, and aspirated cells from the human body are performed. The cytotechnologist studies cell samples from various body sites to detect cellular changes indicative of cancer. In providing a means of early detection, cytology makes possible the early diagnosis of cancer, thus increasing the chances of a cure. Cytology also serves as a prognostic tool during the course of cancer treatment programs. In addition, it aids in establishing the diagnosis of benign disease processes, such as endocrine disorders, and in detecting some pathogenic microorganisms.

Graduates of the Program The Cytotechnology Program is designed to provide its graduates with a comprehensive, fundamental knowledge of clinical cytology that will enable them to function as competent cytotechnologists and will provide a basis for continuing education and professional growth. Graduates will be eligible for the certification examination administered by the Board of Registry leading to certification and registration in cytotechnology with the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Graduates should be prepared for management, supervisory, and educational responsibilities and should seek ways to contribute to the growing body of knowledge in clinical cytology. The program is designed to prepare graduates to realize their position in the total health care structure and understand their legal, ethical, and moral responsibilities to the employers and communities they serve. Cytotechnologists normally practice in hospitals, laboratories, or research laboratories.

Credential Required to Practice B.S.; CT(ASCP), cytotechnology certification by American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Licensure Requirements to Practice No license is required to practice in Indiana.

Bachelor of Science in Cytotechnology at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Medical Director: Associate Professor H. Cramer
Program Director: Associate Professor W. Crabtree
Clinical Assistant Professor: B. McGahey Frain

EDUCATION PROGRAM

Design of the Professional Curriculum An integral relationship between the program and the cytology service laboratory provides students with maximum exposure to a functioning cytology laboratory. The learning process follows a structured, logical sequence for the presentation of essential concepts and skills.

Individual instruction, demonstrations, lectures, and conferences are all used as methods of instruction. Student inquiry and research that will foster greater understanding and possible revision of presented material are encouraged. Opportunity is provided for the student to pursue special interests in the field of cytology. 

 

Program Facilities The Cytotechnology Program is offered at the IUPUI campus, which has modern educational and medical facilities. Classroom facilities and faculty offices are located in the Clarian Pathology Building. The combined student and cytology service laboratory is located on the third floor of Indiana University Hospital. Cytology laboratories located in Wishard Memorial Hospital, Methodist Hospital, and the Veterans Administration Hospital are also used.  Length of the Program Four years, including three years (90 semester hours) of prerequisite course work plus 11 months (37 semester hours) of professional course work.                          
Structure of the Program The prerequisites may be taken on a part-time basis; the professional program is presented in a full-time, day format only.   Additional Cost In addition to regular university fees, the student should expect to pay for program-related expenses. Contact program for current cost sheet.  
Location of Clinicals All clinical sites for the program are located within the Indianapolis area.  Opportunity for Students to Work Some students have part-time jobs.                                                         
Accreditation The curriculum of the Cytotechnology Program is fully accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs.    

 

ADMISSION

General Information As grade point average is a reflection of self-motivation, self-discipline, and the desire to achieve, favorable consideration is given to applicants with high grade point averages. In addition, applicants must demonstrate proficiency in biological and physical sciences. Candidates for this program should work well with others, have a genuine desire to improve the health of humanity, and be willing to accept the responsibilities of providing health care service. Students accepted into the program must complete the school's and the program's admission requirements listed below before the first day of classes. Admission to the professional program is competitive; therefore, completion of the prerequisites does not guarantee admission to the program. 
Specific Requirements In addition to the Health Professions Programs admission policies and procedures found at the beginning of this section of the bulletin, the following admission policies apply to the Cytotechnology Program: Medical Requirements Students accepted into the professional program must complete a health form, immunization card, chest X ray, and eye examination before classes begin.  
Minimum Cumulative Grade Point Average 2.50 on a 4.00 scale. This requirement is applied at the time of program application and must be maintained.                                           Minimum Specific Grade Point Average Biology grade point average of 2.50 on a 4.00 scale. This requirement is applied at the time of program application and must be maintained.  
Minimum Grade Requirement in a Stated Prerequisite Course C (2.00 on a 4.00 scale).  Limitations of Course Work Biology credits earned more than seven years before application must be updated by taking 3 additional credit hours related to cell biology within a period of time not to exceed 12 months before admission. Remedial courses will not fulfill prerequisite hours.                              
Interview All qualified applicants must participate in an interview. Interviews start the second week of January. Volunteer Experience While volunteer experience is not required, it is very helpful to the applicant in making a career choice.
Criteria Used for Selection of Class Cumulative grade point average, biology grade point average, interview.  Distribution of Credits in Specific Areas 25 credit hours in biology
Application Deadline December 1 of the year before anticipated entry. Total Number of Prerequisite Credit Hours 90 Indiana Residents Preference Policy See Health Professions Programs policy.
Technical Standards See Health Professions Programs policy. Class Size Eight each fall semester. 

 

CURRICULUM PREREQUISITES

Before entering the program, the student must complete the minimum prerequisites below. Students should consult with their academic advisors for appropriate courses and semester sequence in order to complete prerequisites. Prerequisites may be taken at any accredited college or university. The code "G" indicates a course that meets the school's generaleducation requirements. No more than 15 semester hours of correspondence course work will be counted toward the degree.
Written Communications (G) 2 courses
Verbal Communications (G) 3 cr.
Humanities (G) 3 cr.
College Algebra (G) 3 cr.
Introductory Biology (G) 4-5 cr.
Social/Behavorial Science (G) 6 cr.
Chemistry 1 (with lab) for science majors (G) 4-5 cr.
Chemistry-sequential course(s) (for science majors beyond above) 4 cr. Minimum; 5-8 cr. Preferred Human Anatomy and Physiology 5-10 cr.
Advanced Science In addition to the courses listed above, students must also take upper-level biology courses to total a minimum of 25 credit hours, including human anatomy and human physiology. Recommended courses include microbiology with laboratory, developmental anatomy or embryology with laboratory, genetics with laboratory, molecular or cellular biology, histology, and immunology. Questions regarding alternative biology courses should be directed to the Cytotechnology Program faculty.
Suggested Electives It is recommended that the following courses be taken as electives: microbiology, embryology, genetics, animal cell physiology, and immunology. While not inclusive or mandatory, the following is a list of suggested elective areas: medical microbiology, endocrinology, parasitology, virology, cytogenetics, computer science, management, organic chemistry, biochemistry, physics, advanced mathematics, and statistics.                              

 


SUGGESTED PLAN OF STUDY
The following is a suggested three-year plan of the prerequisites.
Changes in this schedule can be made.
Students should check with their advisors to make sure all requirements are met.

FRESHMAN

FALL

SPRING

Elementary Composition I

3cr.

Speech Communication or
Interpersonal Communication

3cr.

Algebra and Trigonometry I  3cr. Biology-Animals

5cr.

Biology-Plants

5cr.

Elementary Chemistry II

5cr.

Elementary Chemistry 1 or
Principles of Chemistry I (with lab)     

5cr.

Elective    

3cr.

Total

16cr.

Total

16cr.

 

SOPHMORE

FALL

SPRING

Humanities Elective

3cr.

Elementary Composition II or
Professional Writing

3cr.

Social/Behavioral Science Elective

3cr.

Human Physiology

5cr.

Human Anatomy

5cr.

Biology Elective

3cr.

Electives

6cr.

Social/Behavioral Science Elective

3cr.

Total

17cr.

Total

14cr.

 

JUNIOR

FALL

SPRING

Biology Elective

5cr.

Biology Elective

3cr.

Electives

9cr.

Electives

9cr.

Total

14cr.

Total

12cr.

PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM
Courses in the professional program are sequential and must be taken in the order specified by the program faculty.

FALL

SPRING

SUMMER

Gynecologic Cytology, Normal
(PATH A412)

3cr.

Cytology of Body Fluids (PATH A442)

2cr.

Investigations in Cytopathology (PATH A490)

2cr.

Gynecologic Cytology, Abmormal
(PATH A422)

3cr.

Urinary Tract Cytology (PATH A454)

2cr.

Cytology of Fine Needle Aspiration (PATH A455)

2cr.

Techniques in Medical Cytology
PATH A462)

2cr.

Seminar in Cytology II (PATH A470)

2cr.

Certification Internship II (PATH A 465)

3cr.

Certification Internship I
(PATH A465)

3cr.

Cytology of the Gastrointestinal Tract 
(PATH A453)

2cr.

   
Seminar in Cytology I
(PATH A470)

2cr.

Certification Internship II (PATH A465)

6cr.

Total

7cr.
Pulmonary Cytology
(PATH A432)                                  

3cr.

       

Total

16cr.

Total

14cr.    

Scholarships Students interested in scholarship information for the professional year should contact the program office.

Awards Reccomendations for degrees awarded with distinction are based upone superior academic performance.  The Cytotechnology Program recognizes superior academic and professional conduct with the Liang-Che Tao Outstanding Student Award, which is awarded to a graduating senior.

Graduation Requirements Satisfactory completion of 127 credit hours to include 90 credit hours of prerequisite and general-education courses and 37 credits of professional courses. All course work must be completed in compliance with the program's and school's academic and professional policies.

For further information, contact:
William N. Crabtree, Ph.D., SCT(ASCP)
Director and Associate Professor
Cytotechnology Program
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
350 W. 11th Street, RM6002J
Indianapolis, IN  46202

Phone:  (317) 491-6221
Fax:  (317) 491-6212
Email:  wcrabtre@iupui.edu
Web:  http://www.pathology.iupui.edu/

COURSES IN CYTOTECHNOLOGY

PATH A412 Gynecologic Cytology, Normal (3 cr.) Detailed microscopic study of normal squamous, endocervical, and endometrial epithelial cells, as well as other non epithelial cells. Cellular changes seen with microbiological infections, repair, inflammation, degeneration, artifact, and vitamin deficiency status. 

PATH A453 Cytology of the Gastrointestinal Tract (2 cr.) Study of cells associated with nonmalignant and malignant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines. 

PATH A465 I Certification Internship (3 cr.) Includes the fall semester of clinical internships where students gain practical experience by working with routine cytology material. 

PATH A422 Gynecologic Cytology, Abnormal (3 cr.) Histopathology and cytopathology of lesions of the female genital tract. Detailed studies in the cytologic diagnosis of dysplasia, carcinoma-in-situ, and invasive cancer of this anatomic area. Differential diagnosis of these lesions includes the severity, site of origin, and grade where appropriate.

PATH A454 Urinary Tract Cytology (2 cr.) Clinical cytologic study of cells from normal, nonmalignant, and malignant diseases of the urinary tract, to include the urethra, ureters, renal pelvis, bladder, prostate, seminal vesicles, and kidney.

PATH A465 II Certification Internship (3-6 cr.) Includes six months of clinical internships. Students gain further practical experience by working with routine cytology material. Conferences and lectures are used to provide additional experience.

PATH A432 Pulmonary Cytology (3 cr.) Systematic study of normal, nonmalignant, and malignant cells in the lower respiratory system.

PATH A455 Cytology of Fine Needle Aspiration (2 cr.) The study of nonmalignant and malignant cells aspirated from lung, thyroid, salivary glands, breast, liver, prostate, lymph nodes, soft tissue masses, and miscellaneous organs; and the study of fine needle aspiration techniques.

PATH A470 Seminar in Cytology (2 cr.) Review of current literature pertaining to diagnostic cytology. Reports and discussions by students and faculty.  

PATH A442 Cytology of Body Fluids (2 cr.) Cytology of the eye, central nervous system, synovial membranes, and serosal cavities in fluids associated with nonmalignant and malignant disease processes.

PATH A462 Techniques in Medical Cytology (2 cr.) Fixation and staining procedures, preparation of smears and cell blocks from fluids and other exfoliates; use of filter techniques and microscopy. PATH A490 Investigations in Cytopathology (1-3 cr.) To provide the student with an experience in the realm of scientific investigation related to cytopathology. The investigation may be conducted as a research project or a literature review.

Dept. of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine Administration Office | Van Nuys Medical Science Building | 635 Barnhill Drive, room A-128 | Indianapolis, IN 46202 Indiana University Health Pathology Laboratory: 350 W. 11th Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202